cognitive theory psychology
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-2131; e-mail: [email protected]
Annual Review of Psychology
The “cognitive revolution” in psychology is having a profound impact on the concerns and practices of clinical psychology. Cognitive phenomena such as expectancies and self-verbalizations are routinely invoked as essential elements in clinical theory and practice. To date, however, there has actually been little cross-fertilization between clinical and cognitive psychology. While some clinicians have attempted to sketch a cognitive model for clinical work (e.g., Mahoney, 1974; Meichenbaum, 1977), clinicians have not been extensively influenced thus far by cognitive theorizing.
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It had its foundations in the Gestalt psychology of Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, and Kurt Koffka, and in the work of Jean Piaget, who studied intellectual development in children.
Cognitive psychologists are interested in how people understand, diagnose, and solve problems, concerning themselves with the mental processes which mediate between stimulus and response.